Despite being part of human culture for thousands of years, there is still plenty about cannabis that is misunderstood or unanswered. But the language of cannabis can be as foreign as it is complex with words like flavonoid and trichome being part of the basic lexicon. So it’s best to learn intricacies of cannabis in bites — and for this chunk let’s take a closer look at cannabigerol (CBG); one cannabis’ most essential cannabinoids.
Cannabis works on a molecular level with the human body. Thanks to the discovery of the endocannabinoid system, we now know that our body is littered with receptors designed to host cannabis molecules called cannabinoids. CBG is the third-most prevalent cannabinoid in most strains of cannabis. Thanks to its psychoactive properties, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is what first comes to mind when we think of cannabis. But in recent years, the therapeutic potential of cannabidiol (CBD) has pharmacies, chiropractors, and even gas stations racing to get it on their shelves.
However, if not for CBG, the cannabis plant would never produce THC or CBD.
Although CBG is present at low levels (typically less than 1%) it carries a crucial role in the biochemistry of cannabis. During the flowering cycle, cannabigerolic acid (CBGA) serves as the parent molecule that synthesizes developmental acids into mature cannabinoids. This conversion process determines the amount of THC and CBD in a particular strain of cannabis. Regardless, the biosynthesis of CBGA leaves only trace amounts of consumable CBG in the plant.